|| History of Kerala
History of Kerala
is truly the undiscovered India. It is God's own country and an enchantingly
beautiful, emerald-green sliver of land. It is a tropical paradise far from
the tourist trial at the southwestern peninsular tip, sandwiched between the
tall mountains and the deep sea. Kerala is a long stretch of enchanting greenery.
The tall exotic coconut palm dominates the landscape.
There is a persistent legend which says that Parasuram, the 6th incarnation
of Lord Vishnu, the preserver of the Hindu Trinity, stood on a high place
in the mountains, threw an axe far in to the sea, and commanded the sea to
retreat. And the land that emerged all from the waters became Kerala, the
land of plenty and prosperity.
Kerala is a 560-km long narrow stretch of land. At the widest, Kerala is
a mere 120-km from the sea to the mountains. Gracing one side of Kerala, are
the lofty mountains ranging high to kiss the sky. And on the other side the
land is washed by the blue Arabian Sea waters. The land is covered with dense
tropical forest, fertile plains, beautiful beaches, cliffs, rocky coasts,
an intricate maze of backwaters, still bays and an astounding 44 glimmering
rivers. Kerala's exotic spices have lured foreigners to her coast from time
Earlier, Kerala was made up of three distinct areas. Malabar as far up the
coast as Tellicherry, Cannanore and Kasargode with the tiny pocket-handkerchief
French possession of Mahe nearby (it was returned to India in the early 1950
's and is now administratively part of Pondicherry). This area belonged to
what was once called the Madras Presidency under the British. The middle section
is formed by the princely State of Cochin; the third comprises Travancore,
another princely State.
Early Inhabitants of Kerala
believe that the first citizens of Kerala were the hunter-gatherers, the ting
Negrito people. These people still inhabit the mountains of southern India
today, consequently, they had a good knowledge of herbal medicine and were
skilled in interpreting natural phenomena. The next race of people in Kerala
were believed to be the Austriches. The Austric people of Kerala are of the
same stock as the present-day Australian Aborigines. They were the people
who laid the foundation of Indian civilizations and introduced the cultivation
of rice and vegetables, which are still part of Kerala scene. They also introduced
snake-worship in Kerala. Traces of such worship and ancient rites have been
found among the Aboriginal tribes of Australia. Austric features can still
be seen fairly and clearly among the people of Kerala today. Then came the
Dravidians (The Mediterranean people). Dravidian absorbed many of the beliefs
of the Negrito and Austric people, but they were strongly inclined to the
worship of the Mother Goddess in all her myriad forms: Protector, Avenger,
Bestower of wealth, wisdom and arts.
The Dravidians migrated to the southwards, carrying their civilization with
them, though leaving their considerable cultural input on their successors,
the Aryans (Indo - Iranians). But Kerala is still strongly influenced by the
Dravidian culture: urbane, cash-crop and trade oriented, and with strong maternalistic
biases. The Aryans have made a deep impression on Kerala in late proto-historic
Jewish and Arabs trade's were the first to come to Kerala sailing in the
ships to set up trading stations. The Apostle of Christ, St. Thomas is believed
to have come to Muziris in AD 52 and established the first church in Kerala
Portuguese discovered the sea route to India from Europe when Vasco da gama
landed with his ship near Kappad in Calicut in AD 1498. Slowly the Kerala
society became a mix of people belonging to various sects of Christianity,
Islam and Hinduism. The arrival of Portuguese was followed by the Dutch, the
French and finally the British.The State of Kerala was created on the 1st
of November 1956. The Keralites celebrate this day as 'Kerala piravi' meaning
the 'Birth of Kerala'.
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